The Institute of Pacific Relations was a pioneering intellectual-political organization that shaped Imperialism in Southeast Asia examines its subject against a backdrop of those countries that could at a given time be called imperialist: Britain, France, Spain, the Netherlands and the US. Examining the imperialist phenomenon from this wide-ranging perspective reveals imperialism as driven by rivalry; it also facilitates comparison: imperialism Imperialism in Southeast Asia examines its subject against a backdrop of those countries that could Virtually every major media, information and telecommunications enterprise in the world is significantly tied to China.
This volume provides the most expert, up-to-date and multidisciplinary analyses on how the contemporary media function in what has rapidly become the world's biggest market. As the West, particularly the United States, tries to Virtually every major media, information and telecommunications enterprise in the world is By reducing its fertility in the past two decades to less than two children per woman, and developing a family planning program focused heavily on sterilization and abortion, China has undergone a significant transition in status China's one-child population policy, first initiated in , has had an enormous effect on the This book uses a wide range of original Japanese sources to trace important aspects of the history of Japanese economic ideas, in particular, the development of Japan's industrial policy.
Robert Weller 魏乐博
In contrast to most others who begin their story within the s or after , Sohn goes back to the Meiji era to trace the evolution of Japanese developmental This book uses a wide range of original Japanese sources to trace important aspects of the history This book provides a detailed comparative account of the development of citizenship and civil society in Hong Kong from its time as a British colony to its current status as a special autonomous region of China.
Such research unveils the political economy of Chinese media in the context of media marketisation. It is recognised that media marketisation provides new resources and space for media practitioners in China to fight for press freedom. At the same time, marketisation offers new resources, opportunities and venues for the party-state to control the media and streamline its media management.
While the tension between control and resistance continues to be discussed in the co-evolutionary process of the state and the market and justifiably so , a vast grey area in the expanding media and communication industries is either ignored or under-researched.
Overseas Chinese, Ethnic Minorities and Nationalism : Elena Barabantseva :
Similarly, while most research has focused on politics, there are other areas that are worthy of more dedicated research. One under-researched field relates to the agency, connection, scope and mode of knowledge in the mediated lives and media-oriented practices of ordinary Chinese in a highly fragmented society, whose primary goal is to better their lives. Peripheral forces, alternative media forms and any other non-mainstream media such as local media, community media, minority media and micro media1 remain little-studied areas.
As some researchers such as Chu et al. Just as one cannot omit to discuss the edited volumes by Chin-Chuan Lee when discussing Chinese media studies in the s, into the twenty-first century we must take seriously the works by Yuezhi Zhao, whose excellence and leadership in Chinese media and communication research is exemplified by her most recent book Communication in No. These three interwoven themes address three layers of significance: the institutional, the discursive and the individual.
It has always been an integral part of political organization and social mobilization. Media are viewed as communicative practices and examined from both historical and spatial dimensions of human society. Adding to the growing list of innovative research on Chinese media and communication are works from Zheng Yongnian , Haiqing Yu , Guobin Yang and Jack Qiu , among many other brilliant scholars.
Viewing the Chinese internet from a political science perspective, Zheng provides a valid answer to the perennial question of whether information and communication technologies will promote political change in China. The change is brought about by a recursive relationship between the state and the society, as they mutually transform each other.
Like many others who are researching on Chinese media and new media, Zheng risks falling into the categories of centralism in his prioritising of the state and society relationship as the organising principle in the heavily mediated lives of the Chinese people.
Yu uses cultural studies approach to investigate contemporary Chinese media culture. This approach allows for contextualising and historicising each case, while leaving enough room for detailed analysis of individual cases such as those related to AIDS and SARS. This cultural studies approach, however, risks falling into the trap of functionalism and spectacularism discussed above. Genuine empirical research and more nuanced analysis are needed for breaking through the conundrum in tackling the ambiguities, paradoxes and new formations and configurations in Chinese media and communication.
This model takes a broader approach than many other studies of Chinese new media, in that it studies multiple parties and multiple layers of interactions, including the state power, culture, the market, civil society and transnationalism. This model allows one to look beyond the contention between the state and the society as the primary site in Chinese media studies.
It prompts one to think of the broader social and historical processes where multiple forces are embedded. Control, contention, community and creativity are all interrelated features of the Chinese internet and media, and communication in general. Enough evidence has shown that Chinese people are active audience members and prosumers, who act and react to take control of their own lives, sometimes heavily mediated and sometimes not.
But more research is needed on how they exercise their agency to make a change either to their own lives or the society in which they live. He focuses on the information have-less, or the new working class, in Chinese cities; their adoption of low-end ICTs as tools of individual struggling; familial connectivity; placemaking and community-building. More importantly, it brings back the concept of media as communication with a human face.
It portrays in detail the relation of ordinary workers, working families and low-income communities with cybercafes and inexpensive wireless phones, and the attempts of the information have-less to provide bottom-up, micro answers to existential issues and structural inequalities in the lower strata of the Chinese informational city. Attention is given to different social forces, which are at the same time global and national, transnational and personal, official and unofficial.
Emphasis is laid on the relationship between online and offline experiences. There is clearly a paradigmatic turn in Chinese media research, with an emphasis on the spatial, temporal and relational dimensions of communicative practices at a multiplicity of scales. These dimensions are reflected in the works of Zhao and others reviewed above. The spatial turn, in particular, reflects that of area studies and social theory in general. Sun suggests that the geographic turn allows one to analyse communication practices and technologies on a multiplicity of scales that are both vertical and horizontal.
The emphasis on spatial, temporal and relational dimensions broadens the negotiation model discussed earlier. The new paradigm allows one to examine communicative practices by various players the state, capital, individuals and institutions in the dynamic process of scale-fixing or scale-jumping. Media are no longer seen as texts, institutions or culture alone, but as practices of communication and networking. The media as communicative practice paradigm moves beyond traditional audience research to examine what people do across a whole range of situations, mediated or unmediated by media.
The paradigm No. Both the researcher and research subjects are part of the circuit of culture and the circuit of knowledge about Chinese media through their communicative practices. The above brief and incomplete review of Chinese media studies suggests that Chinese media researchers have constantly been renewing and expanding our knowledge regarding thematic and structural, as well as methodological, concerns.
Chinese Media, Global Contexts
We have steeped ourselves in other disciplines such as sociology, anthropology, geography, history, political science and economics. We have paused to reflect, re-evaluate and rekindle our theoretical and methodological imaginings on more open and diversified platforms for exchange, as shown by those earlier cited books, edited journal issues and articles, and many more such as Westminster Papers in Communication and Culture, a special issue on Chinese media in vol. One just has to do the best with the time and resources one has, and in the circumstances one faces. But the methodological account often sounds far less certain than it actually is when we are on the ground doing the research.
Recommend to librarian
The economist and journalist He Qinglian offers three pieces of advice on how best to understand China: 1. Use your knowledge and common sense accumulated through years of observation about China. Read between the lines if you rely on the Chinese mainstream media for information. This view represents the mainstream opinion among Chinese scholars, both inside and outside China. It concerns some of the key issues in media ethnography.
By implication, media ethnography requires long-term participant observation and cultural immersion. Extended fieldwork or extended on-site case studies can be costly when there has been a lack of funding for serious arts and humanities research in the booming education industries here in Australia. Our salaries depend on teaching students, but our reputations reside in doing difficult research.
It is a conundrum. Total immersion in the sites is, in principle, impossible. Usually, researchers make multiple trips to China over an extended period of time. He lived with migrant workers and interviewed them in their dormitories and working-class communities.
His work is not about mobilising his research subjects to participate in actions toward change or improvement of their situations,4 but rather mobilising and empowering them to actively participate in the data-collection process. His quantitative research methods — like survey groups and sociospatial mapping — are innovative ways in which to conduct media ethnography. In Ombre elettriche cento anni di cinema cinese Electric shadows: years of Chinese cinema Venezia: Electa. Riflessioni sul documentario Cina di Antonioni e il nuovo documentario cinese [A sincere purpose and honest means: Rethinking Antonioni's documentary 'China' and the new Chinese documentary].
In Caro maestro Venezia, Italy: Ca' Foscarina. A view from Aotearoa-New Zealand. Merkel-Hess, K.
Wasserstrom Eds. Fowler, C.
- You are here.
- Wilhelm II and the Germans: A Study in Leadership?
- Physical Aspects of Stereotactic Radiosurgery;
Brief encounters: Theorizing screen attachments outside the movie theatre. Screening the Past , Bianco e Nero , , New Zealand Journal of Asian Studies , 10 1 , Quasi-documentary, cellflix and web spoofs: Chinese movies' other visual pleasures.