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Phil Hobson Section F. Birchard Section G. Dean, M. Joseph Bojrab, and Georghe M. Mann, Georghe M. The flash point of beeswax is When natural beeswax is cold, [ clarification needed ] it is brittle, its fracture dry and granular. At room temperature it is tenacious and it softens further at human body temperature. Candle-making has long involved the use of beeswax, which burns readily and cleanly, and this material was traditionally prescribed for the making of the Paschal candle or "Easter candle".
Beeswax candles are purported to be superior to other wax candles, because they burn brighter and longer, do not bend, and burn "cleaner". Refined beeswax plays a prominent role in art materials both as a binder in encaustic paint and as a stabilizer in oil paint to add body. Beeswax is an ingredient in surgical bone wax , which is used during surgery to control bleeding from bone surfaces; shoe polish and furniture polish can both use beeswax as a component, dissolved in turpentine or sometimes blended with linseed oil or tung oil ; modeling waxes can also use beeswax as a component; pure beeswax can also be used as an organic surfboard wax.
It can also be used to make Cutler's resin , an adhesive used to glue handles onto cutlery knives. It is used in Eastern Europe in egg decoration; it is used for writing, via resist dyeing , on batik eggs as in pysanky and for making beaded eggs. Beeswax is used by percussionists to make a surface on tambourines for thumb rolls. It can also be used as a metal injection moulding binder component along with other polymeric binder materials. Beeswax was formerly used in the manufacture of phonograph cylinders. It may still be used to seal formal legal or royal decree and academic parchments such as placing an awarding stamp imprimatur of the university upon completion of postgraduate degrees.
Purified and bleached beeswax is used in the production of food, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals. The three main types of beeswax products are yellow, white, and beeswax absolute. Yellow beeswax is the crude product obtained from the honeycomb, white beeswax is bleached or filtered yellow beeswax, and beeswax absolute is yellow beeswax treated with alcohol. In food preparation, it is used as a coating for cheese; by sealing out the air, protection is given against spoilage mold growth. Beeswax may also be used as a food additive E , in small quantities acting as a glazing agent , which serves to prevent water loss, or used to provide surface protection for some fruits.
Soft gelatin capsules and tablet coatings may also use E Beeswax is also a common ingredient of natural chewing gum.
The wax monoesters in beeswax are poorly hydrolysed in the guts of humans and other mammals , so they have insignificant nutritional value. Beeswax is the main diet of wax moth larvae. Use of beeswax in skin care and cosmetics has been increasing. A German study found beeswax to be superior to similar barrier creams usually mineral oil-based creams such as petroleum jelly , when used according to its protocol.
Beeswax is also an important ingredient in moustache wax and hair pomades , which make hair look sleek and shiny.
Beeswax was among the first plastics to be used, alongside other natural polymers such as gutta-percha , horn , tortoiseshell , and shellac. For thousands of years, beeswax has had a wide variety of applications; it has been found in the tombs of Egypt, in wrecked Viking ships, and in Roman ruins.
Beeswax never goes bad and can be heated and reused. Historically, it has been used:.
Current techniques in small animal surgery (Book, ) [acanketop.cf]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the film, see Beeswax film. Play media. Wicwas Press. Chelsea Green Publishing. Conservation of Furniture. Archived from the original on Retrieved Sir Edward Thorpe. Revised and enlarged edition. Longmans, Green, and Co. Beeswax", p. The artist's handbook of materials and techniques. Sheehan, Steven. Fifth edition, revised and updated ed. New York.